|China, officially The People's Republic of China, was established on 1st October 1949, with Beijing as its capital city. With well over 1.3 billion citizens, China is the world's most populous country and the third largest country in the world in terms of territory.
Two-thirds of the country is high plateaus and mountains with populations living at altitudes from 1,000 to 4,000 meters above sea level and high mountain areas reaching 7,000 to 8,000 meters. The climate varies from subarctic to subtropical.
China’s landscape is vast and diverse, with forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklimakan deserts occupying the arid north and northwest near Mongolia and Central Asia, and subtropical forests being prevalent in the wetter south near Southeast Asia. The terrain of western China is rugged and elevated, with the towering Himalaya separating China from South and Central Asia.
|China is a very diverse place with large variations in culture, language, customs and economic levels. The economic landscape is particularly diverse. The major cities such as Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai are modern and comparatively wealthy.
The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, have their sources in the Tibetan Plateau and continue to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China’s coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometers (9,000 mi) long (the 11th-longest in the world).
China is the world’s fifth most visited country by tourists, and modern tourist facilities are available in major cities, but many facilities in smaller provincial cities and rural areas are frequently below international standards.